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Facts About Rats
Two most commonly known genuine types of Las Vegas rats, the Rattus rattus or the Black rat, as well as Rattus Norwegicus or the Brown rat, share similar common features. Both species have long and pointed nozzles and their heads are smaller and narrow comparing to their bodies. While their long, rounded bodies are covered in fur, their tales are long and bold. Rats commonly have short legs, equipped with small, yet sharp and powerful claws. Many larger types of mice are often confused with rats. Rats belong to mammal rodents. This means that their young, called pups, suck on their mother's breast milk to survive for the first 14 days after birth. Belonging to the group of rodents, Nevada rats use their powerful set of teeth to bite their way through different environments and are capable of surviving the toughest environmental conditions.
Rats have sharp senses of hearing, sight, and smell, and are considered to be amongst most intelligent animals. What are unique rats is their strong immune system that allows them to carry numerous deadly diseases and surviving in the toughest conditions? In fact, rats can swim and dive, and can endure longer periods of time without breathing air. However, the most unique and powerful feature in rats is their jaws and teeth. Rat's jaws consist out of incisors, which are the front two teeth of extreme length. This pair of teeth allows Nevada rats to chew through the hardest of materials like wood and concrete. Their jaws also contain miascema, an empty space between incisors and their molars, the back teeth Las Vegas rats use to crush hard materials.
The two most commonly known types of rat, Rattus rattus, and Rattus Norwegicus, mate throughout the whole year. The gestation period for a pregnant female lasts 21 days, and the newborn pups will be mature to mate only 14 days after birth. For this reason, and due to the fact that a single female can give birth to up to 12 babies, allows rats to reproduce and multiply with an amazing speed. In fact, throughout history, rats overpopulation in certain areas, like newly-built industrial cities, was the reason for some of the most devastating epidemics and loss of food, which led to poverty and starvation. Due to the speed in which rats reproduce, the vast majority of citizens of urban environments resort to killing Nevada rats they spot.
Although Las Vegas rats are mostly referred to as a type of animal that inhabits filthy and unhygienic, abandoned areas, rats, in fact, prefer to live in clean areas and resort to places such as sewage only if they can't reach a better, cleaner habitat. In the wild, rats choose to live in holes and pits, as well as other types of dark and sheltered environments. In urban areas, however, rats usually hide in dark, abandoned places like old buildings, sewage and sometimes walls, basements and the attics of human homes. What makes Nevada rats specific when it comes to their living habits is that they will grow so accustomed to living condition in one area, or a habitat, that they will most likely not going to survive if they migrate to another. Rats accommodate to living and feeding in one habitat to a degree where they are not able of surviving in another.
Rats are omnivores, which means that they feed on all types of food. Rats are capable of both hunting and scavenging for food. Again, despite general belief that Las Vegas rats eat filthy and rotten food, they actually prefer fresh food, and will much rather eat in clean places. However, in times of need and starvation, rats will be protected by their strong immune system, eat even old and rotten food, including corpses. If a hoard of rats starved enough, they are even capable of attacking animals and humans for food. Rats are amongst the most intelligent living species of animals. Their instincts revolve around safety and searching for food, although they are capable of building relationships with humans and animals and have recorded to show forms of social intelligence. Rats have also shown the ability to overcome obstacles using intelligence and even finding a way to use simple tools, like wheels, to reach their goal. Unless in extreme circumstances, like danger or starvation, rats are not likely to act aggressive. However, they can be very aggressive and dangerous in self-defense. Because of their intelligence and the ability to build relationships, Nevada rats are widely popular as pets.
As the rat's immune system allows them to carry the deadliest of diseases without succumbing, Las Vegas rats are known to spread deadly and dangerous illnesses and even cause epidemics worldwide. Rats can carry black plague, leptospirosis, and many other deadly diseases. The bite of a Nevada rat can also cause the rat-bite fever, a disease that happens as a result of bacteria and fungus spread through rat bites. Rat feces is also a health hazard due to bacteria and fungal spores it often contains. For these reasons, the very sign of an existing rat in a human household often causes fear of spreading infectious and dangerous diseases.